Activity 2
Water Conservation

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  • 1. CAP's ____ is to be a collaborative, innovative leader in the management and the delivery of water to central Arizona. It will enhance the state's economy and quality of life and ensure sustainable growth for current and future populations of Arizonans.
  • 3. Recharge sites are designed to store water underground for ________ use.
  • 8. CAP creates recharge sites by spreading water on the ground in specific locations where it can sink or _______________ into the groundwater aquifer.
  • 9. Reclaimed water has already been _______________ and can be collected and treated so it can be used again.
  • 11. Taking shorter showers and turning off the tap when you are brushing your _______________ can help conserve water.
  • 13. deliver Colorado River water and conserve __________.
  • 15. Individuals can save water by looking for _______________ in toilets and sinks and fixing them.
  • 16. Reclaimed water is usually used for grass facilities like _______________ and golf courses.
  • 2. Since Colorado River water is available to Arizona farmers, they can use _______________ water supplies instead of groundwater to irrigate farmland.
  • 4. Cities are _______________ Central Arizona Project water for drinking and reducing groundwater pumping.
  • 5. Reclaimed water can be used to cool _______________ plants and irrigate agriculture.
  • 6. Reclaimed water is treated _______________ from homes and businesses.
  • 7. _______________ landscaping can reduce outdoor water use by 50 percent.
  • 10. Running the dishwasher only when it is full can save a household 10-20 _______________ of water per day.
  • 12. Arizona is storing, or "_______________" water in groundwater aquifers for use in the future.
  • 14. One of the largest recharge locations in Arizona is the dry Salt River _______________, which is operated by the Salt River Project.
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Instructions
Fill in the corresponding boxes in the crossword puzzle with the missing words in the statements on the right.

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Correct letters will turn green, incorrect letters will turn red.
Keep trying until you fill in all the squares correctly.

If you would like to review the info screen and print a copy of the crossword puzzle click the "More Info" button located in the upper-right corner of the screen.

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The following information can help you complete the crossword puzzle.

Groundwater
In many areas of Arizona, people pump more water from the ground than nature can replenish, so Central Arizona Project (CAP) was built to help conserve groundwater supplies. CAP's aqueduct system is 336 miles long and delivers 1.5 million acre-feet of water to its customers in Maricopa, Pima and Pinal counties annually. Central Arizona Project has more than 80 customers which fall into three groups: municipal, agricultural, and Indian users. CAP's vision includes delivering its full allocation of Colorado River water, 2.8 million acre-feet to central Arizona reliably, cost effectively and in an environmentally sound manner with the highest regard for employee safety and health, evolving public needs and customer satisfaction.

Recharge
In addition to delivering water to customers, Central Arizona Project is also responsible for planning and operating recharge sites are designed to store water underground for future use. Just as you can put money in the bank to use later when you have need for it, Arizona is storing, or "banking" water by spreading it on the ground in locations where it can sink or percolate into the groundwater aquifer. This water may then be pumped out and used in the future. One of the largest recharge locations in Arizona is the dry Salt River bed, which is operated by the Salt River Project. Tucson is also constructing areas where water can be spread for groundwater recharge.

Since Colorado River water is available to Arizona farmers, they can use surface water supplies instead of groundwater to irrigate farmland. This means less groundwater is pumped by farmers for watering their crops. Cities are treating Central Arizona Project water for drinking and reducing groundwater pumping.

Reclaimed Water
Reclaimed water is treated wastewater from homes and businesses. It is the water that has already been used and can be collected and treated so it is usable once again. The reclaimed water is delivered through a separate water system. It is usually used for grass facilities like parks and golf courses. It can also be used to cool power plants and irrigate agriculture. In the future there will probably be a separate reclaimed water line next to other utility lines.

Personal Water Conservation
Individual people can also conserve water in many ways. Look for leaks in toilets and sinks and fix them. Use water efficient plumbing fixtures and appliances that use less water than older fixtures. Take shorter showers. Turn off the tap when you are brushing your teeth. Keep a jug of water cooling in the refrigerator rather than running water from the tap until it turns cool. Running the dishwasher only when it is full can save a household 10-20 gallons of water per day. Outdoors, savings of water can result from sweeping sidewalks and driveways instead of hosing them down. In addition, desert landscaping can reduce outdoor water use by 50 percent. On average, desert landscaping needs about 15 gallons of water per square foot each year while grass only needs about 27 gallons.

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