For nearly 50 years, there has been a recognized opportunity for a U.S.-Mexico collaborative effort to implement a binational desalination project that would augment the Colorado River system and benefit water users in both countries. Since 2010, several binational efforts have been initiated to evaluate the feasibility of a desalination project. Numerous technical, regulatory, financial, economic and institutional factors need to be taken into consideration when comprehensively evaluating the feasibility of a desalination project. Given the current drought conditions that could be exacerbated in the future by climate change, and the need for water augmentation under the prospects of future population growth, Mexico and United States water managers have been working collaboratively. Those binational collaboration efforts were incorporated in Minute 319 and 323, including studying the feasibility of potential water augmentation projects, including binational desalination projects to benefit both nations.